TIPS to Monitor RISK
Risk: an uncertain event that, if it occurs, has positive or negative consequences on one or more project goals (or objectives)
Monitor Risks: The process of monitoring the implementation of Risk Response Plans, tracking identified risks, identifying and analyzing new risks, and evaluating risk process effectiveness.
Why do we need to monitor risks? We need to know if:
the responses we enact are effective and appropriate
the level of overall project risk has changed
status of individual identified risks has changed
the time for the risk to occur has passed
new project risks have arisen
our risk management approach is still valid
current risk assumptions are still valid
risk policies and procedures are being followed
contingency reserves, set aside for risk responses, need adjustment
In planning Risk Management after identifying risks, and analyzing the identified risks, we planned risk responses and implemented those responses which fell into these types:
For risks we wanted to "Actively accept," we developed Contingent Risk Responses to be enacted if and when the risk arose to a predetermined level called the trigger. We also considered having a Fallback Plan which is the plan you will use if your Contingent Response strategy fails to provide the needed result. We entered risk information on a Risk Register. This initial Risk Register is below.
It is now Day 8 and we have the following updated information:
The float passed the safety test, so Risk 1 has passed by with no added cost.
One of the bands charged $300 more than we planned (Risk 2)
Joan spent $100 to print a back up plan
We put the volunteers on stand by at no additional cost
How to MONITOR (INSPECT) RISK:
At this point it is handy to look back at your Gantt chart, found here.
1. Compare plans to actual outcomes. How is quality tracking? Is your project
slipping in time? Are the resources arriving as planned. Are you still on
budget? Answers to these questions can be early indicators of a pending
2. Watch your contingency reserve. Is this fund going down faster than
expected? What has happened to require spending from the contingency
fund? Knowing the reason for excessive contingency spending is also an
early indicator of a pending risk, that extends beyond cost.
3. Has the risk probability passed? Risks are often associated with project
activities. After an activity has been completed, any risks associated with
doing that activity will not occur (the probability is zero).
Risk 1 did not take any money at all from the contingency reserve fund.
Band quotations are still coming in. We already spent $300 on this risk (Risk 2).
We spent all the contingency reserve set aside for Risk 3, but that risk will not cost more because Joan completed the back up plan.
Risk 4 was a no-cost risk.
Only Risk 2 is of concern for possible additional cost at this time. We should consider getting alternate bands, having fewer bands, or getting an increased approval to the budget.
2. We likely will likely spend the total $900 contingency reserve fund and may
even come up short.
NOTE: In instances where you do not expect to spend all of the contingency reserve fund, you should consider releasing some of the fund back into the organization for other uses.
How to CONTROL (CORRECT) RISK:
Controlling Risk is done by enacting your pre-planned Risk Responses. You will then want to monitor carefully to ensure that:
the response properly addresses the Risk
the response does not create a new issue or risk
the Risk does not return
1. The Risk data gathered in the course of doing a project becomes valuable
information for new projects. It is also needed when responding to an audit so
2. When the risk response does not properly address the risk, you should
escalate the conversation to your supervisor, sponsor, and key stakeholders.
They should be made aware that the planned response did not work, and they
should be involved in helping you plan the next step.
Risk against Time (Running Total)
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